Smart Cities Cyber Security Strategy Guidance
Smart Cities operators are advised to take the following recommendations.
Create a Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) A cover would be a coordination Coordinated response from local governments, private Companies and universities to any Computer security. Incident.
Create Clear ownership. Technical and managerial tasks need to be assigned to the members of CERT
Collaboration with the private and public sector using clear. Communication paths for sharing information on threats and vulnerabilities, resources and training.
Classification of Incidents. The role of government and law enforcement needs to be defined for operators. Each city will have deferent relationships between private critical infrastructure provides and the local government.
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A SAFE CITY is a SMART CITY: an ecosystem, built on an open standard for 'interoperability' that makes it easy to share data across safety and security systems. The ecosystem uses subsystems, shares innovation across sectors, and learns from on-going incidents. A city can learn from a factory. A building can share data with an energy company. Smart Systems incorporate the functions of sensing and actuation to analyse a situation, automate decision making and drive action.
Achieving a safe city performance level can take many years, and is an exercise which can never be completed; it will continue eternally. Significant improvements are attainable, and it is important to have plans and budgets in place. The following is an overview of the steps that need to be taken to build towards a safe city status. Some of them are not necessarily to be applied in this order, and much can be done in parallel.
- 1. Carry out a full Threat and Risk analysis.
- 2. Prepare a long term safety and security plan.
- 3. Prepare a short term plan to encompass existing systems (usually CCTV, intruder detection).
- 4. Construct a control center for both integration and future test purposes.
- 5. Integrate existing systems within new control center.
- 6. Consider budgetary requirements.
- 7. Engage with other Safe Cities.
- 8. Explore and test other detection systems and technologies.
- 9. Initiate programme to identify future needs.
- 10. Continuing trials of useful technologies.
Items 1 and 2 can be prepared theoretically, and remotely, but will eventually require on-site visits for accuracy. Most of the programme requires sporadic visits to set up, eventually leading to the creation of a project maintenance committee. This safety and security committee will be expected to take the project forward in the longer term.
Assessing city type
The following list of points (not exhaustive) needs to be considered and quantified. Any major changes in planning, for example an intended major utility, should be planned in to the assessment.
- Population; historical and projected growth
- Largely old or new
- Industrial residential mix
- Population density
- Utilities and energy
- Industries and manufacturing
- Historical problems
- Crime level
- Private traffic, road accidents
- Public transport
- Specific problems associated with security
- Specific problems associated with communications
- Areas of particular risk
- Forms of particular risk (toxic or inflammable materials proximity or routing, pipelines, etc.)
- Alcohol and drugs
- Organised crime level
- Gangs and vandalism
- General environment; improving or worsening
- Job and work situation
- Learning establishments
- Leisure pursuit availability
- Idle young with little entertainment
- Major nearby influences (drug-growth/smuggling, migrants, people-trafficking)
Significant natural risks (seas/rivers flooding, reservoirs, earthquake zone, severe storms/tornados) Concerns for the future
Response Capabilities- Police and vehicles (cars, helicopters)
- Private patrols
- Population training
- Ambulances, other emergency vehicles
- Civil Defence/Fire Rescue services
- Proximity of militia/army, and weaponry.
- Identify all areas and types of risk
- Prioritise with level of probability (Threat/Risk analysis)
- Review existing, emerging, and potential technologies.
Review existing systems- Outdoor CCTV
- Transport CCTV
- Bi-directional audio
- Traffic CCTV
- Sensor requirements for environment, waste refuse, tracking assests
- Intelligent traffic controls
- Intrusion detection
- Control room(s)
- System vulnerabilities
- Obvious basic changes
- Assess the locations for sensors
- Create a Big Data plan for analysing data, building a dashboard and progressing the system to add more data sources
- Internal Smart Buildings applications with linked sensors and automation
- Progression to IoT and wearables within the Smart Community
Smart Home for residents for different demographics:
- Smart Home Independent Living
- Elderly – Assisted living
- Long term ill – Assisted living
- Physically challenged – assisted living
Draft outline of required detection/monitoring system- General block diagram
- List of specific requirements
- Selecting appropriate technologies
Strategy for practical linking of existing systems- Control room specification and design
- Proposal for linking existing systems (CCTV, alarms, detectors, etc.)
New ideas and technologies will have been thrown in without due oversight. The first task is to begin the Threat and Risk analysis, whilst reviewing existing safety and security systems.
Once these items have been agreed in principal as a true statement of the city’s situation, the plan for basic improvement and linking will commence.
The Consultants will visit for 2 weeks when the project is formally launched, and will need to make a series of 4 – 8 similarly short visits during the first 12 – 18 months.
The activity and timescale specifically for this project are shown below.
|1.||Full Threat and Risk analysis||
|2.||Long term safety and security plan||
|3.||Short term plan for existing system||
|4.||Control center for integration||
|5.||Integrate existing systems||
|6.||Consider budgetary requirements||
|7.||Engage with other Safe Cities||
|8.||Explore new technologies||
|9.||Identify future needs||
|10.||Continuing technology trials||
First Assessment Visit:
2 people from Bikal for 5 full days Monday to Friday.To form the itinerary of visits and meetings:
Build a profile of the current installed equipment
Identify existing personnel and the other project companies that are being used
Any council contacts and their positions
Layout of district to be covered with the primary buildings
We need this information 3-4 weeks prior to the visit to gather the information First day (Monday) – presentation to all for what the week will be for – This will last 1-2 hours Last day (Friday) afternoon presentation – 3-4 hours. We will use the Friday Morning to prepare the presentation.